Blockchain is a decentralized and distributed database that stores information electronically. The structure of data is what separates Blockchain from other databases. After the use of Blockchain in bitcoin and other financial services markets, this technology became immensely popular.
In the simplest words, blockchain offers a list of transactions that users can view and even verify without the interference of third parties. The need for middlemen like banks or agents is not necessary with the use of Blockchain. Moreover, this technology is gaining so much momentum worldwide and is one of the most popular financial services.
Secure payments can be made between two users who do not even know each other without any external verifier. Apart from cryptocurrency, this wonderful technology helps in enhancing the accuracy of medical records and is beneficial for other industries as well. Keep reading if you wish to get a better understanding of Blockchain.
What is Blockchain?
Think of this technology as a database that stores data digitally. It can store blocks of data together and then chains them together to establish a single source of data. Users can view the records or transactions but no changes can be made to them. Instead of copying or transferring, the distribution of digital assets takes place.
Due to the decentralized assets, everything is transparent to the users. This revolutionary technology allows people to share data even if they do not trust or know each other. As the name of the technology suggests itself, each chain consists of multiple blocks. Every time a new transaction is made, the details of this transaction add to the participant’s ledgers.
If there are changes in one block of the chain, it indicates that someone was altering the blockchain. For corruption to occur, every block in the chain should change across all versions of the chain. As soon as blocks keep adding to the chain, the system becomes more secure and efficient. Blockchain networks can monitor payments, track orders, manage accounts and much more.
Users can manage ledgers on the network easily because of several types of blockchain. Here are some main types of blockchain:
The first type of blockchain is public which is immensely popular because of cryptocurrency. Information is not present at any one place in the public blockchain. Rather, they distribute the data on several networks. There are no restrictions in this type of blockchain and users do not require permissions as well.
Blockchain networks that have restrictive environments are private. Although this type works on decentralization, such blockchains are for smaller levels. There are authorization settings and permission levels for these blockchains. Also, they are commonly known as enterprise blockchains.
The combination of public and private blockchain is known as the hybrid blockchain. With this type of technology, you can decide whether you want people to have access to the data. You can set restrictions for some users while others will have a permissionless system.
There is much more to blockchain than just record-keeping. Since this technology offers greater security, the risks of fraud drop down drastically. Here are some features of blockchain technology.
Blockchain technology is here to stay. There are a few challenges in the way of this technology but it is extremely important for organisations. Businesses are slowly starting to adopt blockchain and it is a matter of time before every company starts utilising this technology. Blockchain is certainly the future!